China says US pullout from JCPOA, root cause of tension in WA

TEHRAN: Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations Zhang Jun said that US withdrawal from Iran’s nuclear deal, known as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action [JCPOA] as well as exertion of maximum pressure against Iran is the main cause of the crisis in the West Asia (WA) region.

Speaking in a meeting of the United Nations Security Council [UNSC] held on Tue. through video conference to study the periodical report of the UN secretary general on the implementation of UNSCR 2231, pertinent to Iran’s nuclear deal, he added, “full implementation of JCPOA for nonproliferation of nuclear weapons and realization of peace and stability in the Middle East is crucial.”

He asked the United States to stop its illegal unilateral sanctions on Iran, and voiced opposition to US push for an extension of the UN arms embargo against Iran.

The root cause of the current crisis is the US withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal in May 2018 and the re-imposition of unilateral sanctions against Iran, said Zhang Jun, China’s permanent representative to the United Nations.

The United States has decided to end sanctions waiver to nuclear projects under the nuclear deal, and pushed for the extension of the UN arms embargo on Iran, which expires in October. This has again undermined the joint efforts to preserve the nuclear deal, Zhang told the Security Council.

The Iran nuclear deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), is an important multilateral agreement endorsed by Security Council Resolution 2231. It is legally binding and should be effectively implemented, he said.

“We urge the United States to stop its illegal unilateral sanctions and ‘long-arm jurisdiction,’ and return to the right track of observing the JCPOA and Resolution 2231,” he said.

China opposes the US push for extending the UN arms embargo on Iran, said Zhang.

All provisions of Resolution 2231 should be implemented, including arrangements on arms-related restrictive measures. Having quit the JCPOA, the United States is no longer a participant, and has no right to trigger the snapback mechanism at the Security Council, he said.

Preserving the JCPOA is conducive to safeguarding multilateralism, the international order based on international law, the international non-proliferation regime, and peace and stability in the Middle East, said Zhang.

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